The Middle East is predominantly used as a geo-political indicator referring to the Arab state countries south of the Persian Gulf, Egypt, Israel, Palestine, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Iraq, Iran and Turkey. In recent years Afghanistan, Pakistan, Armenia, and Azerbaijan have also been included in the definition. The region is predominantly known for having 60% of the worlds oil and gas reserves however this is not the only commodity or significance of the region given its location and now young and highly educated and urban population.
Throughout history, the Middle East has been a centre of world affairs as it is the historical origin of three of the world’s major religions – Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and as such, in modern times the Middle East has remained a strategically, economically, politically, culturally and religiously sensitive region.
Population by country
Saudi Arabia 28,686,633